miércoles, 22 de octubre de 2014


Posted on 3:43 by patricia oliver ferrandis

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La expresión utilizada en inglés para preguntar la hora es la siguiente:
What time is it?
 o también What's the time? (menos usual) = ¿Qué hora es?
Aunque también existen otras posibilidades:
- Have you got the time?
- Could you tell me the time please?
- Would you mind telling me the time?
- Have you got the time on you?
- You wouldn't know the time, would you?
- Do you know the time?

Se utiliza 'a.m.' y 'p.m.' en un lenguaje más formal y normalmente escrito.
Ej. Banks are open from 9:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.
Es más normal decir: 'In the morning', 'In the afternoon', 'In the evening', 'At night'
7:00 a.m. = seven o'clock in the morning.
2:15 p.m. = quarter past two in the afternoon.
7:30 p.m. = half past seven in the evening
11:00 p.m. = eleven o'clock at night
o'clock es una contracción antigua que significa 'of the clock' (del reloj). El empleo actual equivale al español 'en punto' (seven o'clock = siete en punto).
o'clock = 'en punto'           a quarter past... = 'y cuarto'
half past...
= 'y media'       a quarter to... = 'menos cuarto'
12:00 = midday
24:00 = midnight

Cuando a la hora sigue una fracción de minutos, si es inferior a 30 se utiliza el adverbio 'past'.
Si es superior, se indican los minutos seguidos de la preposición 'to'.
It's twenty past eleven / son las once y veinte
It's ten to four / son las cuatro menos diez
En los horarios oficiales (por ejemplo los horarios de transportes) se sigue el sistema internacional de división del tiempo en 24 horas.

I left on the 17.30 train from Edinburgh / Salí de Edimburgo en el tren de las 17:30





Posted on 3:42 by patricia oliver ferrandis

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Posted on 3:25 by patricia oliver ferrandis

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We use the present tense:
1. For repeated or regular actions
  • I take the train to the office.
  • The train to Berlin leaves every hour.
  • John sleeps eight hours every night during the week.
2. For facts.
  • The President of The USA lives in The White House.
  • A dog has four legs.
  • We come from Switzerland.
3. For habits.
  • I get up early every day.
  • Carol brushes her teeth twice a day.
  • They travel to their country house every weekend.
4. For things that are true.
  • It rains a lot in winter.
  • The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace.
  • They speak English at work.


Verb Conjugation & Spelling
We form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the TO).
In general, in the third person we add 'S' in the third person.
Subject
Verb
The Rest of the sentence
I / you / we / they
speak / learn
English at home
he / she / it
speaks / learns
English at home
The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb:
1. For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person.
  • go – goes
  • catch – catches
  • wash – washes
  • kiss – kisses
  • fix – fixes
  • buzz – buzzes
2. For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES.
  • marry – marries
  • study – studies
  • carry – carries
  • worry – worries
NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S.
  • play – plays
  • enjoy – enjoys
  • say – says


ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.
Examples:
·       You only speak English.
·       Do you only speak English?



Present Simple Tense

I sing

How do we make the Present Simple Tense?

subject
+
auxiliary verb
+
main verb


do

base
There are three important exceptions:
1.   For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
2.   For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
3.   For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.
Look at these examples with the main verb like:

subject
auxiliary verb

main verb

+
I, you, we, they

like
coffee.
He, she, it

likes
coffee.
-
I, you, we, they
do
not
like
coffee.
He, she, it
does
not
like
coffee.
?
Do
I, you, we, they

like
coffee?
Does
he, she, it

like
coffee?

Examples of the Present Simple

1.    The sun sets in the west.
2.    We produce lasers for cosmetic surgery.
3.    They move into their new home next week.
4.    So, I go to Mr. D and say “I deserve a better mark in this class”.
5.    Jones stops in mid-court and passes the ball to Schuster.

Wh-Questions in the Present Simple

Wh- questions are questions that require more information in their answers. Typical wh- words are what, where, when, why, who, how, how many, how much.
To create a wh-question, start with the wh-word, then add do or does, then the subject (a person or thing that does the action), followed by the base form of the verb and only then add the rest of the sentence.
Wh-Word
Auxiliary Verb
Subject
Verb in Base Form
Rest of Sentence
What
do
I / you / we / they
want
Why
does
he / she / it
shout
at you
1.    When do you want to meet me?
2.    Why does Beth always complain so much?
3.    How much does the ticket cost?
4.    Why don’t you ever go on vacation?

.

Posted on 3:18 by patricia oliver ferrandis

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what
asking for information about something
What is your name?
asking for repetition or confirmation
What? I can't hear you.
You did what?
when
asking about time
When did he leave?
where
asking in or at what place or position
Where do they live?
which
asking about choice
Which colour do you want?
who
asking what or which person or people (subject)
Who opened the door?
why
asking for reason, asking what...for
Why do you say that?
why don't
making a suggestion
Why don't I help you?
how
asking about manner
How does this work?
asking about condition or quality
How was your exam?
how much
quantity (uncountable)
How much money do you have?


Posted on 3:09 by patricia oliver ferrandis

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1.        Accountant: Contable
2.        Actor / Actress: Actor / Actriz
3.        Air hostess: Azafata (avión)
4.        Architect: Arquitecto
5.        Baker: Panadero
6.        Biologist: Biólogo/a
7.        Bus driver: Conductor/a de autobús
8.        Businessman: Empresario, hombre de negocios
9.        Businesswoman: Empresaria, mujer de negocios
10.     Butcher: Carnicero/a
11.     Carpenter: Carpintero/a
12.     Cleaner: Limpiador, mujer de la limpieza
13.     Cook: Cocinero
14.     Chemist: Químico, farmaceútico
15.     Decorator: Decorador
16.     Dentist: Dentista
17.     Designer: Diseñador
18.     Doctor: Médico/a
19.     Dressmaker: Modista
20.     Dustman: Basurero (UK)
21.     Economist: Economista
22.     Electrician: Electricista
23.     Engineer: Ingeniero/a
24.     Farmer: Granjero, agricultor
25.     Fireman: Bombero
26.     Gardener: Jardinero/a
27.     Hairdresser: Peluquero/a
28.     Housewife: Ama de casa
29.     Journalist: Periodista
30.     Judge: Juez
31.     Lawyer: Abogado/a
32.     Life guard: Socorrista
33.     Mechanic: Mecánico/a
34.     Nanny: Niñera
35.     Nurse: Enfermero/a
36.     Office worker: Oficinista
37.     Painter: Pintor
38.     Photographer: Fotógrafo
39.     Plumber: Fontanero
40.     Policeman / Policewoman: Policía
41.     Politician: Político
42.     Porter: Conserje
43.     Postman: Cartero (UK)
44.     Psychologist: Psicólogo/a
45.     Receptionist: Recepcionista
46.     Scientist: Científico
47.     Secretary: Secretario
48.     Shoemaker: Zapatero
49.     Shop assistant: Dependiente/a de una tienda
50.     Social worker: Trabajador social
51.     Surgeon: Cirujano
52.     Taxi driver: Taxista
53.     Teacher: Profesor/a (Primaria y Secundaria)
54.     Vet: Veterinario (UK)
55.     Waiter: Camarero/a (bar)
56.     Waitress: Camarera, mesera.
57.     Window cleaner: Limpiacristales
58.     Writer: Escritor


Posted on 3:07 by patricia oliver ferrandis

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